Active and stative verbs in Osage Osage is a split-intransitive, or active-stative language (cf. Lakhota, a split-intransitive (active-stative) language). “Stative verbs are those that do not inflect with the agent inflectional markers but instead use[…]
An Omaha story: The Dakota who was scared to death by a ghost
Ghost story told by an Omaha to James Owen Dorsey, published in 1890. Original text in Omaha-Ponca, gloss and natural English translation.
Lakhota, a split-intransitive (active-stative) language
Lakota is a paramount example for a split-intransitive language (or active-stative language) distinguishing between active and stative verbs.
Active-stative languages (split-intransitive languages)
Active-stative languages differ from accusative and ergative languages; they distinguish two basic types of verbs: stative verbs, i.e. verbs expressing states (being sick), and active verbs, i.e. verbs expressing actions (running). In active-stative languages, or[…]