Source: Provisionally compiled mainly from Dorsey (1890) and some from Eschenberg (2004, 2005). This is a work in progress. You can use the filter below to view elements filtered by class.

Displaying 729 records

ID Class Func. Macy Std. Orthography Siouan unified notation IPA notation Dorsey's notation IL Gloss (provisional) Dorsey's Gloss Gloss Examples
350 ADJ ADJ dáthiⁿ dáðį [ˈdaðĩ] dáȼiⁿ crazy be crazy, foolish, silly, drunk, furious crazy, foolish, silly, drunk, furious
481 ADJ ADJ gthezhé gðežé [gðeˈʒé] gȼejájá spotted spotted in one place spotted
217 ADJ ADJ khébe xébe [ˈxebe] xébe shallow shallow shallow
530 ADJ ADJ mashtí maští [maˈʃti] mactí warm warm warm → in 1 example
25 ADJ ADJ nushiaha nušiaha [nuʃiaha] short short
700 ADJ ADJ qéga xéga [ˈxega] qéga dry dry dry, dried → in 1 example
558 ADJ ADJ qthúqa xðúxa [ˈxðuxa] qȼúqa empty empty, emptied of its contents empty, emptied
560 ADJ ADJ qthu'a xðuˀá [xðuˀˈa] qȼu'á hollow hollow hollow
717 ADJ ADJ skă skɑ [skɑ] skă white white white
27 ADJ ADJ thaéga ðaéga [ðaˈega] ugly ugly
41 ADJ ADJ tonga tonga [tonga] big big
467 ADJ ADJ usní usní [usˈni] usní cold cold cold → in 1 example
417 ADJ ADJ uspé uspé [usˈpe] uspé hollow sunken place hollow → in 1 example
472 ADJ ADJ waqpáni waxpáni [waxˈpani] waqpánɪ poor be poor poor
606 ADJ ADJ wéthigthoⁿ wéðigðą [ˈwéðigðɔ̃] wéȼɪgȼaⁿ mild mild mild → in 1 example
716 ADJ ADJ [zi] yellow yellow yellow → in 1 example
490 ADJ ADJZ thoⁿ thą [thɑ̃] ADJ (?) [adjectivizer] (?)
623 ADJ AP dúbaha dúbaha [ˈdubaha] dúbaha four-ADJZ fourfold fourfold → in 1 example
58 ADJ AP e-dádoⁿ edádą [eˈdadɔ̃] edádaⁿ 3S-some what whatever, all sorts of → in 1 example
480 ADJ AP gtheshká gðešká [gðeˈʃka] gȼécka spot?-ADJ spotted spotted → in 1 example
292 ADJ AP kóⁿhaha ką́haha [ˈkɔ̃haha] kaⁿ'haha neighboring neighboring ones neighboring ones → in 1 example
455 ADJ AP múwashnoⁿ múwašną [ˈmuwaðnɔ̃] múwaɔnaⁿ miss.in.shooting missing them in shooting miss in shoting → in 1 example
572 ADJ AP paháshi paháši [paˈhaʃɪ] paháci hill-CMPL(arrive.there) high (sth. high, but connected to the earth) high
557 ADJ AP qthíazhi xðíaži [ˌxðia̩ˈʒi] qȼíaji snarl-NEG quiet, not making any sound quiet
264 ADJ AP thiská-xti ðiská-xti [ðiská-xti] ȼiská-qti intelligent-very very intelligent very intelligent → in 1 example
207 ADJ AP toⁿgaxti tągaxti [tɔ̃gaxti] taⁿgaqti large-very very large very large → in 1 example
505 ADJ AP ushkúdoⁿ uškúdɔ̃ [uʃˈkudɔ̃] uckúdaⁿ KIND be kind, be beneficient kind, benefcient
653 ADJ AP uthéwiⁿ uðéwiⁿ [uˈðewĩ] uȼéwɪⁿ all.STA-one collected, assembled, gathered assembled → in 2 examples
729 ADJ QNT zhawa žawa [ʒawa] ȷawa enormous enormous, abundant enormous, abundant
420 ADJ-N NP wanáshe-zhíⁿga wanáše-žíŋga [waˈnaʃe-ˈʒiŋga] wanáce-jiñ'ga soldier-young Young Soldier young soldier → in 1 example
298 ADJ/VS ADJ u'étha uˀéða [uˀˈeða] u'éȼa scattered scattered scattered → in 1 example
423 ADV ADV ithóⁿ iðą́ [iˈðõ] iȼaⁿ' suddenly suddenly suddenly → in 1 example
309 ADV ADV ku'é kuˀé [kuˀˈe] ku'é rush with a rush in a rush → in 1 example
636 ADV ADV moⁿthóⁿ mąðą́ [mɔ̃ˈðɔ̃] maⁿȼaⁿ' by.stealth by stealth by stealth → in 2 examples
554 ADV ADV qchi xtši [xʧi] qtci really very, really, real very, really
265 ADV ADV qti ɣti [ɣti] qti very very very
555 ADV ADV qti xti [xti] qti really very, really, real very, really
548 ADV ADV síoⁿthé síɔⁿðé [ˌsiɔ̃ˈðe] síaⁿȼé merely simply, purely, merely, only simply, purely, merely, only
274 ADV ADV zhiⁿga žíŋga [ˈʒiŋga] jiñ'ga a.little a little a little → in 1 example
231 ADV ADVP égoⁿqti égoⁿqti [ˈegɔ̃xti] égaⁿqti such-just just so just so → in 1 example
385 ADV ADVP héga-bazhi héga-baži [ˈhega-baʒı] héga-bajı a.little-NEG a great many, not a little not just a little/few
709 ADV ADVP nskóⁿskoⁿqti nską́skąxti [nˈskɔ̃skɔ̃ɣti] nskaⁿ'skaⁿqtɪ aligned-very right in a line with right in a line with → in 1 example
576 ADV ADVP paháshiatáha pahášiatáha [paˌhaʃiaˈtaha] paháshiatáha hill-CMPL-be.STV-ADVZ? further up, toward a higher place further up, upwards
574 ADV ADVP paháshiádiata pahášiadiatá [paˈhashiadiaˈa] paháciadiatá hill-arrive.there.CMPL-be.STV-at above, upstairs above, upstairs
588 ADV ADVP shóⁿqchi šáⁿɣči [ʃãˈɣʧi] caⁿˈqcti and-really in spite of, despite, notwithstanding; just so; all at once, right away. in spite of, notwithstanding
589 ADV ADVP shóⁿqti šą́ɣti [ʃãˈɣti] caⁿˈqti and-really in spite of, despite, notwithstanding; just so; all at once, right away. in spite of, notwithstanding
687 ADV ADVP tabáshe tabáše [taˈbaʃe] tabáce necessarily necessarily necessarily → in 1 example
317 ADV ADVP wíⁿthaⁿthaⁿ wį́ðąðą [ˈwĩðɔ̃ðɔ̃] wɪⁿ'ȼaⁿȼaⁿ one-go.REDUP one by one one by one → in 1 example
457 ADV ADVP wedázhi-hnoⁿ wedáži-hnɔ̃ [wedáži-hnɔ̃] wedáji-hnaⁿ there-not-when elsewhere, always always elsewhere → in 1 example
209 ADV ADVP zhúawágthe žúawagðe [ˈʒuaˈwagðe] júawágȼe with.us with us with us → in 3 examples
166 ADV ADVP zhúgigthe žúgigðe [ˈʒugigðe] 3-PREV-DAT-with with each other
593 ADV AMPL -shteóⁿ -šteáⁿ [ʃteˈɔ̃] ctĕaⁿ' at.all at all at all → in 1 example
462 ADV AMPL teábe teábe [teˈabe] teábe DEF-if very very → in 2 examples
517 ADV DIR atáthishoⁿ atáðišǫ [aˈtaðiʃɔ̃] atáȼicaⁿ at-DEM-ADV in that direction, towards, pertaining towards, in that direction, pertaining
449 ADV DIR ígadize ígadize [ˈigadize] ígadize circling round and round circling, in circles → in 1 example
679 ADV DIR gíi gíi [ˈgii̩] gíɪ return-P hither (vocative) hither, to here, inbound motion (vocative) → in 1 example
680 ADV DIR gi gi [gi] gi back return, come back, home return, come back, home
409 ADV DIR kihá kihá [kiˈha] kihá DIR.down down, downward, down into down, downward, down into
103 ADV DIR moⁿgthíⁿ maŋgðį́ [mɔ̃ˈgðĩ] mañgȼɪⁿ' DIR begone away (lit. 'gone')
74 ADV DIR moⁿshte mąšte [mɔ̃ʃte] south south
427 ADV DIR pamú pamú [paˈmu] pamú hill-down downhill downhill → in 1 example
552 ADV DIR qátha ɣáða [ˈɣaða] qáȼa back back, returning back (to the starting point), returning
553 ADV DIR qáthatá ɣáðatá [ˈɣaðaˌta] qáȼatá back-DIR.to backwards backwards
367 ADV DIR shéthuatáthishoⁿ šéðuatáˑðišą́ [ˈʃeðuaˈtaðiʃɑ̃] céȼuatáȼicaⁿ place-2S-to-at-towards-2S-ADVZ towards that place over there near you towards that place over there near you
366 ADV DIR shéthuáta šéðuáta [ˈʃeðuˈata] céȼuáta place-2S-towards-at there (to that place there near you) there (to that place there near you)
547 ADV DIR she še [ʃe] ce that.way that that way
600 ADV HAB huoⁿ huą [huɑ̃] huaⁿ HAB regularly regularly → in 1 example
33 ADV LOC ákihoⁿ ákihą [ˈakihą] ákihaⁿ beyond beyond beyond → in 2 examples
361 ADV LOC áshi áši [ˈaʃi] áci out out, out of the house out, out of ...
362 ADV LOC áshiádi ášiádi [aʃiadi] áciádi out-here outside, elsewhere, not there outside, elsewhere, not there
384 ADV LOC éthoⁿbe éðąbe [ˈeðɔ̃be] éȼaⁿbe in.sight in sight in sight → in 2 examples
382 ADV LOC e'dí eˀdí [e̞ˀˈdi] ĕ'di there there there → in 1 example
723 ADV LOC kʰáta kʰáta [ˈkʰata] behind in the rear, in the background
414 ADV LOC qóⁿxata xą́ɣata [ˈxɑ̃ɣata] qaⁿ'xata away-far far away, at great distance far away
364 ADV LOC shéhi šéhi [ˈʃehi] céhi over-there there (at some distance, but in sight) there (at some distance, but in sight)
365 ADV LOC shéhithe šéhiðe [ˈʃehiðe] céhiȼe there.DIST there (at great distance, but in sight) far away, but in sight
307 ADV LOC shetóⁿ šetą́ [ʃeˈtɔ̃] cetaⁿ' that-far that far that far → in 1 example
645 ADV LOC wéahíde wéahíde [ˈweahɪde] wéahɪde far-here-when far, at a distance far, at a distance → in 1 example
363 ADV LOC wiⁿóⁿwatá wįą́watá [wĩãwata] wiⁿaⁿ'watá whereto where?, whereto? where? in which place? / whereto? in which direction?
94 ADV NEG ázhi aží [ˈaʒi] aji NEG different other, different → in 1 example
463 ADV QNT akíwa akíwa [aˈkiwa] akíwa 1S-and-3 both both → in 1 example
531 ADV QNT áhigi áhigi [ˈahigi] áhɪgɪ many-DEF many many → in 1 example
706 ADV QNT áhigi áhigi [ˈahigi] áhɪgɪ many many many → in 1 example
448 ADV QNT áqtshi axtši [ˈaxtʃi] áqtci only just only, just
302 ADV QNT gthéba-dúba-xtiégoⁿ gðéba-dúba-xti égą [gˈðeba-ˈduba-xti ˈegɑ̃] gȼéba-dúba-qti égaⁿ ten-four-very-about about forty about forty → in 1 example
416 ADV QNT gthéba-thábthiⁿ-xtshi gðéba-ðábðiⁿ-xtši [ˈgðeba-ˈðabðĩ-xtʃi] gȼéba-ȼábȼiⁿ-qtcɪ ten-three-very thirty just just thirty → in 1 example
387 ADV QNT gthébahíwiⁿ-nóⁿba-qti-égoⁿ gðébahíwį-ną́ba-xti-égoⁿ [ˈgðeba-ˈhiwĩ-nɔ̃ba-xti-égɔ̃] gȼébahíwiⁿ-naⁿ'ba-qti-égaⁿ ten-stem-one-two-very-such hundred two about about two hundred → in 1 example
386 ADV QNT héga héga [ˈhega] héga a.little somewhat, a little somewhat, a little
243 ADV QNT hnoⁿ hną́ [hnɔ̃] hnaⁿ' only only only → in 8 examples
288 ADV QNT júba džúba [ˈʤuba] djúba a.little.bit a few, a small quantity a little bit, a few
695 ADV QNT noⁿbáthoⁿthóⁿ nąbáðąðą́ [noⁿˈbaðoⁿˈðɔ̃] naⁿbáȼaⁿȼaⁿ' two-the.INAN.R-RDP two each two each → in 1 example
722 ADV QNT wóⁿgithe wáŋgiðe [ˈwaŋgiðe] wañ'giȼe everybody all, every, everybody all, every, everybody
658 ADV QNT wóⁿgitheqti wáŋgiðexti [ˈwɔ̃giðe̞xti] wañ'giȼĕqtɪ all.ANIM-very all all, everybody → in 2 examples
447 ADV QNT wiⁿáxtshi wįáxtši [wĩˈaxtʃi] wiⁿáqtci one-only just one just one → in 2 examples
479 ADV TMP -de -de [de] -de while when, while, during when, while, during
516 ADV TMP adítʰoⁿ adítʰǫ [adítʰɔ̃] adítaⁿ to.here-time since a past time since
705 ADV TMP égasáni égasáni [égasáni] égasáni next.day the next day whole next day → in 1 example
193 ADV TMP égithe égiðe [ˈegiðe] égiȼe eventually at length; it happened that finally, at length, eventually → in 12 examples
148 ADV TMP gasám gasám [gaˈsam] gasám tomorrow to-morrow tomorrow → in 1 example
47 ADV TMP gasoⁿthi gasąði [gasɔ̃ði] tomorrow tomorrow
601 ADV TMP shoⁿshóⁿ šąšą [ʃɔ̃ˈʃɔ̃] caⁿcaⁿ' always always, unceasing, enduring always, enduring, each → in 9 examples
34 ADV TMP sidadi sidadi [sidadi] yesterday yesterday
542 ADV TMP wíⁿutóⁿgáqti wįutaŋgáxti [ˌwĩutaŋˈgaxti] wɪⁿ'utañgáqtɪ after.which-IMP.M-very just as soon as after which just (do it) → in 1 example
596 ADV TMP wíutʰóⁿga wíutɑ́ŋga [wiutɑŋga] wíutañ'ga after-the.INAN.PROX-IMP.M as soon as, immediately after, directly as soon as, immediately after, right after
412 ADV TMP, CLM hnóⁿdi hną́di [ˈhnɔ̃di] hnaⁿ'di while, habitually while, habitually during the time when, whenever while, when, whenever, regularly
697 ADV/PART ADV shdábe šdábe [ˈʃdabe] cdábe also also also → in 1 example
622 AFX ADJZ -ha -ha [ha] ADJZ [numeral]-fold
708 AFX ADVZ -wáthe -wáðe [ˈwaðe] -able (ADVZ) -able (adverbializer, like in 'doable')
650 AFX ASP tha ða [ða] CMPL? [action completed]
704 AFX BEN gi gi [gi] gi BEN for for the benefit of [sbd]
59 AFX NMB shk- šk- [ʃk] S (singular)
31 AFX P -i -i [-i] P (plural marker)
726 ASP CMPL egóⁿ egą́ [eˈgɑ̃] egaⁿ´ CMPL having having → in 1 example
487 AUX MOD éiⁿté é-ĩté [ˈe-ĩˈte] éiⁿté POT it may be it may be → in 1 example
352 CNJ CLM 'oⁿ ˀǫ [ˀõ] 'aⁿ how what the matter is, how it is how, what the matter is
110 CNJ CLM ábi ábi [ˈabi] ábi if if, if only if, if only
260 CNJ CLM ádoⁿ ádą [ˈaðɔ̃] ádaⁿ and and and → in 1 example
476 CNJ CLM éde éde [ˈede] éde but but but → in 3 examples
179 CNJ CLM égoⁿ égą [ˈegɔ̃] égaⁿ as as as, so, like → in 12 examples
252 CNJ CLM égoⁿzha égąža [ˈegɔ̃ʒa] égaⁿja so-though nevertheless nevertheless, though so → in 1 example
605 CNJ CLM íⁿshte į́šte [ˈĩʃte] iⁿ'cte so.it.was as it was as/so it was → in 1 example
64 CNJ CLM di di [di] di when/if when when, if → in 2 examples
269 CNJ CLM eátoⁿ eátą [eˈatɔ̃] eátaⁿ why why why → in 2 examples
157 CNJ CLM egíthe egíðe [eˈgiðe] egíȼe behold behold behold, look at that → in 1 example
276 CNJ CLM góⁿ gą́ [gɔ̃] gaⁿ' as as; thus as, so, thus → in 14 examples
106 CNJ CLM gókʰi gókʰi [ˈgokʰi] gañ'kɪ then-and and and (then) → in 1 example
453 CNJ CLM goⁿ gɔ̃ [gɔ̃] goⁿ and and and → in 5 examples
118 CNJ CLM kíshte kíšte [ˈkiʃte] kícte if-ST even if even if, if
508 CNJ CLM kíshte kíšte [ˈkište] kícte even-if even if, if even if, if
235 CNJ CLM kízhi kíži [ˈkiʒi] kíji if-NEG if, when if, when → in 4 examples
509 CNJ CLM kízhi kíži [ˈkiʒi] kíji when if, when if, when
160 CNJ CLM kɪ̆ [ki] ʞɪ̆ and / when and / when and / when → in 25 examples
378 CNJ CLM kʰi kʰi [kʰi] CND if if, when → in 1 example
673 CNJ CLM ki'zhi kiˀži [kiˀʒi] ki'ji when when when → in 1 example
691 CNJ CLM shí ši [ʃi] again again again, and, moreover → in 1 example
510 CNJ CLM shóⁿ... dóⁿshte šɔ̃' ... dɔ̃'šte [ʃɔ̃ dɔ̃ʃte] caⁿ'... daⁿ'cte either ... perhaps either ... or either ... or
511 CNJ CLM shóⁿde šɔ̃de [ˈʃɔ̃ðe] caⁿ'de if.so if so, if that's how it is if so, if that's how it is
512 CNJ CLM shóⁿnoⁿ šɔ̃'nɔ̃ [ˈʃɔ̃nɔ̃] caⁿ'naⁿ and.only and usually, and always and only, and usually, and always
587 CNJ CLM shóⁿnoⁿ šą́ną [ˈʃãnã] caⁿ'naⁿ and-usually and only, and usually; and always and only, and usually; and always
114 CNJ CLM shoⁿ šą́ [ʃõ] caⁿ' in.fact in fact, and so, thus and so, actually, yet, in fact, thus → in 11 examples
663 CNJ CLM tĕ te [te̞] tĕ when when when → in 1 example
69 CNJ CLM thoⁿzhoⁿ ðąžą [ðɔ̃ʒɔ̃] but but
272 CNJ CLM uhoⁿge uhą́ŋge [uˈhɑŋge] uhañ'ge and and and → in 1 example
408 CNJ MOD dóⁿshte dɔ̃'šte [ˈdɔ̃ʃte] daⁿ'cte when-ST though, although / perhaps though, although / perhaps
507 CNJ NLM edábe edábe [eˈdabe] edábe also also (two or more objects) also (more objects) → in 1 example
404 CNJ TMP de de [de] de when/while when, while, during when, while, during
181 CONJ CLM shi ši [ʃi] ci again again again, and then, and → in 5 examples
212 DECL CCM ha haa [hɑ] hă DECL masculine oral period witnessed him/herself; assertion marker → in 8 examples
29 DET ART akʰá akʰá [aˈkʰɑ́] aká the.S.ANI.PROX.ST the (subj) the (singular, animate, proximate, stationary) → in 20 examples
20 DET ART amá amá [aˈma] amá the.ANIM.PROX.PL they who the (animate, proximate, plural or moving) → in 17 examples
82 DET ART d'úba dˀúba [dˀˈuba] d'úba INDF.P some some → in 2 examples
126 DET ART ge ge [ge] ge DEF.INAN.PL.SCAT the (pl) the (plural, scattered, inanimate) → in 1 example
8 DET ART kʰe kʰe [kʰe] DEF.INAN.LIE the (lying)
203 DET ART kʰe kʰe [kʰe] kĕ the.PAT.INAN.HOR the the (inanimate patient, horizontal) → in 15 examples
156 DET ART ma ma [ma] the.PAT.ANIM.OBV.P the (animate patient, obviative, plural)
206 DET ART te tʰe [tʰe] te as the, as as, the → in 9 examples
38 DET ART tʰe tʰe [tʰe] the.PAT.INAN the (standing)
153 DET ART tʰoⁿ tʰǫ [tʰõ] the.S.ANIM.ST the (singular, animate, standing)
63 DET ART the ðe [ðe] DEF.LIE the (lying)
109 DET ART thiⁿ ðį [ðĩ] ȼɪⁿ the.PAT.ANM.OBV.MOV the (obj.); the (mv ob) the (moving, patient) → in 2 examples
154 DET ART thiⁿkʰe ðiŋkʰé [ðiŋkʰe] ȼiñké the.PAT.ANI.S.SIT the (obj) the (singular patient, animate, sitting) → in 4 examples
52 DET ART thoⁿ ðǫ [ðɔ̃] ȼaⁿ' DEF.INAN.PROX the the (inanimate, proximate) → in 3 examples
155 DET ART thoⁿkʰa ðąkʰa [ðɔ̃kʰa] DEF.ANIM.OBJ.PL.SIT the (animate, patient, plural, sitting)
390 DET ART u u [u] the.NZ [nominalizer?]
83 DET, NUM ART, QNT wiⁿ wiⁿ [wĩ] wiⁿ INDF.SG one a, one → in 5 examples
514 DET, PRO DEM she še [ʃe] ce that that that
87 DET, PRO DEM thé ðe [ðe] ȼé DEM.PROX this this → in 4 examples
426 DIR VP óⁿgahe óŋgahe [ˈɔŋgahe] añ'gahe A1P-that.way we went over we went over → in 1 example
513 ENCL CONJ shti šti [ʃti] cti too and too, both also, too → in 1 example
174 EXPR EXPR etoⁿthiⁿ etǫðį [etɔ̃ðį] he-first he ... before, before ... he
197 EXPR EXPR hnoⁿkáshe hnąŋkáše [hnɔŋˈkaʃe] hnañkáce 2S-who.are ye who are you, the ... → in 1 example
78 EXST EVID amá amá [aˈma] amá said.to.be they say they say, be so (hearsay) → in 2 examples
35 INST PFX noⁿ [nɔ̃] 3.INST.by.foot (he/she/it/they) by foot
617 INTJ AFF ɑ [ɑ] yes yes yes
354 INTJ AFF á á [a] á yes yes yes
202 INTJ AFF oⁿhoⁿ ąhą́ [ɔ̃ˈhɔ̃] aⁿhaⁿ' yes yes yes → in 2 examples
375 INTJ DECL hau hau [hau] hau [assertive] ho! hau! → in 2 examples
46 INTJ DECL [ho] hau DECL.MASC thanks, greeting, approval declarative (male speech) → in 1 example
568 INTJ EMO wa wa [wa] wa INTJ.M.surprise Masculine interjection expressing surprise or disappointment wow (masculine interjection expressing surprise)
355 INTJ IMP ɑ [ɑ] IMP.F (imperative sign, used by women) (female imperative marker, sentence-final)
223 INTJ LDP ahaú ahaú [ahaˈu] ahaú oho oho INTJ → in 2 examples
183 INTJ ONO ku ku [ku] ku INTJ ku! (sound of gunshot; interjection) → in 2 examples
374 MOD FUT teíⁿke teį́ke [teˈĩke] teiⁿ'ke FUT will (V) will (FUT) → in 1 example
45 MOD NEG azhi aži [aˈʒi] NEG not
73 MOD POT taté taté [taˈte] taté POT(to-DEF) shall shall, might → in 1 example
304 N N agthíⁿ agðį́ [agˈðĩ] agȼiⁿ' chair chair, seat chair, seat
436 N N éthe éðe [ˈeðe] éȼe relative relative, kinswoman or kinsman relative (kin)
125 N N óⁿba ą́ba [ˈɔ̃ba] aⁿ'ba day day day → in 1 example
566 N N óⁿba áⁿba [ˈɔ̃ba] aⁿ'ba day day day → in 1 example
442 N N [hu] road road, way
389 N N hi hi [hi] hi stem stem, trunk of a plant, tree, or vine / leg of a person or animal / tooth, teeth stem, trunk of a plant, tree, or vine / leg of a person or animal / tooth, teeth
57 N N hoⁿ hɑ̨́ [hɑ̃] haⁿ' night night night → in 4 examples
287 N N huhú huhú fish fish
642 N N ihóⁿ ihɑ̨́ [iˈhã] ihaⁿ' of-mother somones's mother [sbd's] mother → in 1 example
411 N N inísi inísi [iˈnisi] inísi son son son
608 N N itháde iðádi [iˈðadi] iȼádi of-father father [sbd's] father → in 1 example
224 N N kagéha kagéha [kaˈgeha] kagéha friend friend friend → in 1 example
533 N N kaxé kaxé [kaˈxe] kaxé crow Crows crow → in 1 example
629 N N máshoⁿ mášoⁿ [ˈmaʃɑ̃] mácaⁿ feather quill feather quill feather → in 1 example
466 N N máthe máðe [ˈmaðe] máȼe winter winter winter → in 1 example
528 N N [me] spring spring spring → in 1 example
614 N N móⁿde mą́de [ˈmɑ̃de] man'dĕ bow bow bow → in 3 examples
267 N N moⁿge mɑ́ŋge [ˈmɑnge] mañ'ge chest breast chest, breast → in 1 example
612 N N [nu] M male man, male adult → in 1 example
14 N N niⁿdeuthishi nįdeuðiši [nĩdeuðiʃi] trousers pants
425 N N pahé pahé [paˈhe] pahé hill hill hill → in 1 example
571 N N pahé pahé [paˈhe] pahé hill hill hill
359 N N páze páze [ˈpaze] páze evening evening, dusk evening, dusk
556 N N qthabé xðabé [xðaˈbe] qȼabé tree tree tree
482 N N sindé sindé [sinˈde] Sindé tail tail tail → in 1 example
439 N N táde táde [ˈtade] wind wind
258 N N te te [te] te buffalo buffalo buffalo
565 N N ugóⁿba ugą́ba [ugˈɑ̃ba] ugaⁿ'ba DEF.NZ-EP.g-day light light, daylight
165 N N wa'ú wa'ú [waˀˈu] wa'ú woman woman woman → in 3 examples
245 N N wanágthe wanágðe [waˈnagðe] wanágȼe domestic.animal domestic animal domestic animal → in 1 example
279 N N waniⁿ'ta wanį́ta [waˈnĩta] waniⁿ'ta animal animal animal → in 1 example
616 N N wapé wapé [waˈpe] wapé weapon weapon weapon → in 1 example
619 N N wétiⁿ wétį [ˈwetĩ] wétiⁿ club club club, mace → in 3 examples
550 N N wétoⁿiⁿ wétą́į [ˈwetɑ̨́ɪ̩̃] wétaⁿ'iⁿ distinction distinction, difference distinction, difference
6 N N webaxu webaxu [webaxu] pencil pencil
227 N N zhó ža [ʒɔ] ja hand hand
498 N N zhú žú [ʒu] flesh flesh, a body flesh, body
353 N NP 'óⁿaze ˀǫ́aze [ˀˈɔ̃a̩ze] 'aⁿ'aze shadow shadow, shade shadow, shade
356 N NP a a [a] a arm arm arm → in 1 example
180 N NP a-íti a-íti [aˈiti] a-íti come-here-tent they approached and pitched tents pitch tents on arrival, they approached and pitched tents → in 2 examples
625 N NP Íshibázhi Íšibáži [ˌɪʃiˈbaʒi] Ícɪbájɪ̆ Íshibázhi Ícɪbájɪ̆ Íshibázhi (male proper name) → in 9 examples
632 N NP íⁿbezíga į́bezíga [íⁿbezíga] iⁿ'bezíga yellow.tuled.hawk yellow tuled hawk yellow-tuled hawk (sparrow-hawk) → in 1 example
286 N NP íe íe [ˈie̩] íe speech speech speech, language → in 1 example
101 N NP úh úh [uh] meat meat
603 N NP úthahíde úðahíde [ˌuðaˈhide] úȼahíde DEF.NZ-ridicule ridicule, fun, jest ridicule, derision, fun making
634 N NP úwaqúbe úwaxúbe [ˌuwaˈxúbe] úwaqúbe NZ-sth-sacred a mysterious or sacred thing something sacred or mysterious
497 N NP úwashkoⁿ úwašką [ˈuwaʃkɑ̃] úwackaⁿ DEF.NZ-strong strength strength
429 N NP baskíthe baskíðe [basˈkiðe] baskíȼe anger anger anger → in 1 example
620 N NP baxúxu baxúxu [baˈxuxu] baxúxu weapon weapon weapon → in 1 example
280 N NP ewázhiⁿ ewážį [eˈwaʒi] ewájiⁿ 3S.DAT-accord of its own accord of its own accord → in 1 example
215 N NP guáthishoⁿ guáðišą [guˈaðiʃɔ̃] guáȼicaⁿ EP.g-NZ-advancement beyond advancement beyond (sth?) → in 1 example
171 N NP ha ha [ha] peel peel, crust
251 N NP híⁿbé hį́bé [hĩbé] hɪⁿ'bé moccasin moccasins moccasin → in 1 example
296 N NP hóⁿegóⁿte hą́e̩gąte [ˈhɑ̃egˌɑ̃te] haⁿ'egaⁿ'te night-as-A3P.go morning as the night goes [away] (= lexicalized 'morning') → in 1 example
689 N NP hiⁿbé hįbé [hĩˈbe] hɪⁿbé moccasin moccasins moccasin → in 2 examples
81 N NP iⁿgthoⁿga įgðąga [ĩgðɔ̃ga] cat cat
254 N NP itígoⁿthai itígɑ̨ðai [iˈtigɑ̃ðai] itígaⁿȼai grandfather Grandfather grandfather (also for the U.S. President) → in 3 examples
164 N NP kétongaméde kétongaméde [ˈketongaˈmede] big.turtle-the.PAT.MOV-3SG-and the big moving turtle and
237 N NP mazhoⁿ mažą́ [maˈʒɔ̃] majáⁿ' land land land, territory → in 7 examples
630 N NP máshoⁿ mášoⁿ [ˈmaʃɔ̃] mácaⁿ feather quill feather quill feather → in 1 example
158 N NP míⁿzhiⁿga mížiga [ˈmiʒĩga] F-child girl
692 N NP móⁿ mą́ [mɔ̃] maⁿ' arrow arrow arrow → in 2 examples
123 N NP móⁿga mą́ŋga [ˈmɔŋga] mañ´ga skunk skunk skunk → in 1 example
121 N NP miká miká [miˈka] mɪʞá raccoon raccoon raccoon → in 1 example
105 N NP moⁿchu [m???u] bear bear
715 N NP moⁿthíⁿka mąðį́ka [mɔ̃ˈðĩka] maⁿȼɪñˈka walk-the.PAT earth earth (lit. 'the walk on') → in 1 example
161 N NP níashiⁿga níašįga [ˈniaʃĩga] níacɪⁿga male-human man male person, guy, man → in 5 examples
195 N NP níkashiⁿga níkašįga [ˈnikaʃĩga] níkaciⁿga male-person man man, male person, guy → in 3 examples
196 N NP níkashiⁿga ukéthiⁿ níkašįga ukeðį [ˈnikaʃĩga uˈkeðĩ] níkaciⁿga ukéȼiⁿ male.person Indian Indian Indian, Native American → in 1 example
668 N NP níkawasóⁿ níkawasą́ [ˈnikawaˈsɔ̃] Níkawasaⁿ' man-fighter.VOC Warriors (VOC) warriors; fighting men (vocative); war party → in 3 examples
79 N NP nú-zhiⁿga núžiŋga [ˈnuʒiŋga] nújiñga man-little boy boy → in 4 examples
665 N NP Núdoⁿhoŋgá núdąhąŋgá [ˈnúdɔ̃hoŋˈgá] Núdaⁿhañgá war-chief.VOC O war chief war chief, leader of a war party (vocative) → in 3 examples
460 N NP negíha negíha [neˈgihɑ] negíha mother-brother mother's brother mother's brother (address) → in 2 examples
173 N NP ni ni [ni] water water → in 2 examples
216 N NP ni-gébe ni-xébe [ni-ˈxebe] ni-xébe water-shallow water shallow shallow water → in 1 example
172 N NP nikʰe nikʰe [nikʰe] water-the.PAT.ANIM.LIE the (horizontal) water
28 N NP nu nu [nu] nu man man man
656 N NP nudóⁿhoⁿga nudą́hąŋga [nuˈdɔ̃hɔŋga] nudaⁿ'hañga war-leader war chief war chief, leader of a war party → in 5 examples
246 N NP nugá nugá [nuˈga] nugá man-animal male (animal) male (animal)
331 N NP oⁿthákʰide ąðákide [ɔ̃ˈðakide] aⁿȼákide P1-A2S-shoot (you) shooting at me your shooting (at) me → in 1 example
219 N NP pahoⁿgaxtshi pahɑ̨́ŋgaxtši [paˈhɑŋgaxtʃi] pahañ'gaqtci leader-very the very first the very first, the very leader → in 1 example
725 N NP páthiⁿ páðį [ˈpaðĩ] Ԁáȼiⁿ Pawnee Pawnees Pawnee → in 1 example
37 N NP sezini sezini [sezini] orange.juice orange juice
485 N NP shíⁿgatíⁿga šiŋgatíŋga [ʃiŋgaˈtiŋga] ciñ'gatíñga child-COL(?) child child(ren) → in 1 example
591 N NP shíⁿgazhíⁿga šíŋgažíŋga [ˈʃɪŋgaˌʒɪŋga] ciñ'gajiñ'ga human-child child, infant baby, child, infant → in 1 example
443 N NP shóⁿge šą́ŋge [ˈʃɔŋge] cáñge horse horse horse → in 5 examples
19 N NP shinudoⁿ šinudą [ʃinudɔ̃] dog dog
93 N NP shoⁿge šą́ŋge [ˈʃɔŋge] cañ'ge horse horse horse → in 1 example
95 N NP t'óⁿgaxthoⁿ tˀą́ŋgaxðą [tˀˈɔŋgaxðɔ̃] t'añ'gaqȼaⁿ fall-hunt fall hunt fall hunt → in 1 example
76 N NP tadoⁿhe tadąhe [tadɔ̃he] tornado tornado
698 N NP tashnóⁿge tašnáŋge [taʂˈnɔŋge] taɔnañ'ge ash.tree ash tree ash tree → in 1 example
111 N NP táxti táxti [ˈtaxti] ʇáqti deer deer deer → in 2 examples
176 N NP [ti] lodge tent tent, house, lodge → in 3 examples
97 N NP toⁿ t'áŋ [tˀˈaŋ] t'añ' fall fall fall, autumn
724 N NP toⁿ´woⁿ tą́wą [ˈtɔ̃wɔ̃] taⁿ´waⁿ village village village, camp, town → in 1 example
56 N NP toⁿwoⁿgthoⁿ tąwągðą [tɔ̃wɔ̃gðɔ̃] city city
564 N NP udóⁿbe udɑ̨́be [uˈdãbe] udaⁿ'be DEF.NZ-see(ing) sight, spectacle sight, spectacle
381 N NP ugthíⁿ ugðį́ [ugˈðĩ] ugȼiⁿ' sit.in sit in the sit in → in 1 example
549 N NP ushkóⁿ uškóⁿ [uˈʃkɔ̃] uckaⁿ' the-do(ing) work, act, deed, business work, business
327 N NP uthan'da uðanˀda [uðan'da] uȼan'da isolated-thing island island → in 1 example
316 N NP utháshte uðášte [uˈðaʃte] uȼácte PREV-DEM-remain remainder remainder (lit., 'this/that remain'), leftover (from eating or drinking)
51 N NP uxpe uxpe [uxpe] dish dish
671 N NP wagáqtha wagáxða [waˈgaxða] wagáqȼaⁿ servant servant servant → in 1 example
311 N NP wahútoⁿthe wahútąðe [waˈhutɔ̃ðe] wahútaⁿȼiⁿ gun gun gun → in 1 example
115 N NP waoⁿsizhiⁿga wąą́sižiŋga [waˈɑ̃sižiŋga] waaⁿ'sijiñga rabbit-little hopping animal little little rabbit → in 1 example
718 N NP wasésoⁿ wasésą [wasesɔ̃] wasésaⁿ clay-white white clay white clay → in 1 example
380 N NP watíshka watíška [waˈtɪʃka] watícka creek creek creek → in 2 examples
190 N NP waxáte waxáte [waˈxate] waȼáte food food food → in 1 example
540 N NP waxíⁿha waxį́ha [waˈxĩha] waqɪⁿ'ha sth-write letter something-write (letter) → in 1 example
338 N NP wáthathe wáðaðe [ˈwaðaðe] table table
184 N NP wáxe wáxe [ˈwaçe] wáqe white [man] white man white man → in 16 examples
434 N NP wáxe-ma wáxe-ma [ˈwaçe-ma] wáqe-ma white-man the white men white man → in 2 examples
291 N NP wáxe-zhíⁿga wáçe-žíŋga [ˈwaçe ˈʒiŋgɑ] wáqe-jiñ'ga white.man-little young white people young white men → in 1 example
567 N NP wíugóⁿba wíugą́ba [ˌwiu̩ˈgɔɑ̃ba] wíugaⁿ'ba out-the-EP.g-day window ('what light can be seen through') window, window glass
122 N NP xúga xúga [ˈxuga] qúga badger badger badger → in 1 example
169 N NP zhoⁿ žǫ [ʒɔ̃] jaⁿ wood wood wood → in 3 examples
170 N NP zhoⁿha žǫha [ʒɔ̃ha] wood-peel bark
496 N NP zhukóⁿ žuką́ [zhukóⁿ] jukaⁿ' flesh-NOM muscle of the human body muscle (human)
124 N NP zizíkʰa zizíkha [ziˈzika] zɪzíka turkey turkey turkey → in 1 example
3 N QNT zhoⁿ zhą́ [ʒɔ̃] ȷaⁿ' night night, 24ʰ; "a sleep" night, "a sleep" (24ʰ) → in 2 examples
651 N/V N/V watháthe waðáðe [wa'ðáðe] food, eat food, eat
419 NP NP oⁿthiⁿ ąðį́ [ɔ̃ˈðĩ] aⁿȼiⁿ' 1PL-the.OBJ.SIT we sat we (sitting) → in 4 examples
360 NP TMP páze thóⁿdi páže ðą́di [ˈpaze ðɑ̃di] páze ȼaⁿ'di evening ? in the evening, at dusk in the evening, at dusk
631 NUM NUM nóⁿba ną́ba [ˈnɑ̃ba] naⁿ'ba two two two → in 1 example
305 NUM QNT agthíⁿduba agðį́duba [agðĩduba] agthíⁿduba again-four fourteen fourteen
621 NUM QNT dúba dúba [ˈduba] dúba four four four
177 NUM QNT gthéba gðéba [gˈðeba] gȼéba ten ten ten → in 1 example
388 NUM QNT gthébahíwiⁿ gðébahíwį́ [ˈgðebaˈhiwĩ] gȼébahíwiⁿ ten-stem-one hundred hundred
42 NUM QNT noⁿba nąba [nɔ̃ba] NUM two → in 1 example
301 NUM QNT thábthiⁿ ðábðį [ˈðabðĩ] ȼábȼiⁿ three three three → in 1 example
534 NUM QNT thóⁿba ðą́ba [ˈdɑ̃ba] ȼaⁿ'ba two Two two → in 1 example
403 PN NP dási dási [ˈdasi] Dási Dorsey Dorsey Dorsey (p.n.)
464 PN NP maⁿteú-wáthihi mąteú-wáðihi [mɔteˈu-ˈwaðihi] Maⁿteú-wáȼihi Maⁿteú-wáȼihi Maⁿteú-wáȼihi Maⁿteú-wáȼihi (name) → in 1 example
55 PN NP shaoⁿ šaą́ [ʃˈaɔ̃] caaⁿ' Sioux Dakota Sioux → in 1 example
438 PN NP Tadéwiⁿ Tadéwį [taˈdewĩ] wind-woman Wind Woman
257 PN NP te-soⁿ te-są́ [te-'sɑ̃] te-saⁿ' Distant.White.Buffalo Distant White Buffalo Distant White Buffalo, an Omaha → in 3 examples
43 PN NP umóⁿhoⁿ umą́hą [uˈmɔ̃hɔ̃] umaⁿ'haⁿ the-Maha Omaha Omaha → in 5 examples
469 PN NP umóⁿhoⁿ-ma umą́ha-ma [uˈmɔ̃hɑ-mɑ] Umaⁿ'ha-ma Omaha-DEF.P3.PL the Omaha the (animate, patient, plural) Omaha → in 2 examples
214 PN NP wáte wáte [ˈwate] wáte Little.Sioux.River Little Sioux River Little Sioux River → in 1 example
728 POST DIR agthá agðá [agˈða] agȼá homeward homeward homeward → in 1 example
187 POST LOC kédi kédi [ˈkedɪ] kĕ´dɪ by.the by the by the → in 2 examples
10 PP DIR [ta] DIR.to to to (directional) → in 5 examples
515 PP LOC ata ata [ata] ata at to, at to, at
107 PP LOC édi édi [ˈedi] ĕ'di LOC.DIST there there → in 2 examples
53 PP LOC di di [di] LOC in, into
71 PP LOC di [di] di LOC at there, at
660 PP LOC háshiata hášiata [ˈhaʃiata] hácɪata rear-to/at in the rear in the rear → in 1 example
418 PP LOC kóⁿhaxtshi ką́haxtši [ˈkɔ̃haxtʃi] kaⁿ'haqtcɪ bank-very on the very bank on the very bank (of a water) → in 1 example
218 PP LOC ke'ta keˀta [keˀta] ke'ta DEF-LOC.at at the at the → in 2 examples
570 PP LOC pahádi pahádi [paˈhadi] pahádi hill-on on/in the hill on/in the hill
413 PP LOC qóⁿxadi xą́xąadi [ˈxɑ̃xɑdi] qaⁿ'xa away-lodge away from the lodge away from the lodge
75 PP LOC ta ta [ta] ta LOC at, to at
529 PP LOC tédi tédi [teˈdi] tédi in-DEF in the in the → in 1 example
208 PP LOC te'di teˀdi [teˀdi] te'di DEF-at at the at the → in 2 examples
615 PP PP shte šte [ʃte] ctĕ even even even → in 2 examples
536 PP PP zhúgthe žúgðe [ˈʒugðe] ȷugȼe PREV_with with with
684 PPN AFX i- i- [i] í- TRZ at, of at, of
405 PPN TMP doⁿ dɔ̃ [dɔ̃] daⁿ during/at during, at, of time when, season when during, at, of time when, season when
446 PRN PRNM u u [u] u 3P they
4 PRO DAT iⁿ į [ĩ] iⁿ 1S.DAT to me, for me
674 PRO DEM aké aké [aˈke] aké who was the one who; the one → in 2 examples
213 PRO DEM é é [e] é DEM that that → in 2 examples
116 PRO DEM bthúgaxti bðúgaxti [ˈbðugaxti] bȼúgaqtɪ round/all-DEM.DIST-very all all those (distant) → in 3 examples
242 PRO DEM e-hnoⁿ e-hną [e-ˈhnɔ̃] e-hnaⁿ' 3S-only that only this/that/it only → in 1 example
421 PRO DEM ehé ehé [eˈhe] ehé P3-speak I said the one I spoke of → in 1 example
664 PRO DEM ga ga [ga] that.out.of.sight the/that; as follows; the letter 'g' as follows; that (out of sight) → in 2 examples
293 PRO DEM gáthoⁿ gáðą [ˈgaðɔ̃] gáȼaⁿ DEM.PROX-the.SIT that close this one (sitting) here → in 1 example
89 PRO DEM thoⁿkʰá ðąkʰá [ðɔŋˈkʰa] ȼañká DEF.OBV.SIT those who were those (in the background) → in 1 example
77 PRO EVID bi bi [bi] bi 3P they say they (say) → in 6 examples
398 PRO INDF d'úbeshte dˀúbešte [dˀˈubeʃte] d'úbe?te INDF.P-sth whatsowever, any at all any, whatsowever, any at all
399 PRO INDF dádoⁿ dádą [ˈdadɔ̃] dádaⁿ something something, a thing something → in 1 example
518 PRO INDF dádoⁿ shtéshte dádɔ̃ štešte [ˈdadɔ̃ ʃteʃte] dadaⁿ ctecte something any-any something or other; anything at all, whatever whatever, anything at all
401 PRO INDF dádoⁿshte dádąšte [ˈdadɔ̃ʃte] dádaⁿcte something-any something or other; anything, whatever anything, whatever
402 PRO INDF dádoⁿzhí dádɔąží [ˈdadɔ̃ʒi] dádaⁿjí something-NEG nothing, (lit.) what not nothing, what not
520 PRO INDF ebéazhi ebéaži [eˈbea̩ʒi] ebéaji who-NEG nobody, it is nobody nobody, no one
228 PRO INDF edádoⁿ edádą [eˈdadɔ̃] edádaⁿ 3S-some something, what, a thing something, what, a thing, whatever → in 3 examples
521 PRO INDF edádoⁿshtéshte edádɔąštéšte [eˈdadɔ̃ˌʃteʃte] edádaⁿcte 3S-something-any-any whatsoever, whatever whatsoever, whatever
85 PRO NP abth abð [abð] A1S I (subject)
519 PRO NP ébe ébe [ˈebe] ébe 3.ANIM-who who, somebody who, somebody, someone
465 PRO NP éthoⁿba étʰǫba [ˈetʰõbɑ] éȼaⁿba 3S.ANI-the.INAN.PROX he too he/she-the-close.by → in 1 example
400 PRO NP dadóⁿshtewoⁿ dadą́shtewą [daˈdɔ̃ʃtewɔ̃] dadaⁿ'ctewaⁿ sth-whatever whatsoever, anything whatsoever anything whatsoever
669 PRO NP ebéiⁿe ebéįe [e̞ˈbeĩe̩] ĕbéɪⁿe who-be.IRR who it may be who may it be → in 1 example
220 PRO NP hi-má hi-má [hi-ˈma] hi-má arrive-DEF.ANIM.OBJ.PL those who arrived those who arrive(d) → in 1 example
226 PRO NP miⁿké-zho miŋké-žą [miŋˈke-ʒa] miⁿké-ja P1S.who-hand I who, on the one hand I on the one hand → in 1 example
80 PRO NP miⁿke miŋke [miŋke] miñke P1S-DEF I who I the; I who → in 9 examples
415 PRO NP oⁿgú ąŋgú [ãŋˈgu] añgú 1P we we → in 1 example
522 PRO NP sheáthiⁿ šeaðį [ʃeˈaðĩ] ceáȼi that-the.PAT.MOV those two moving animate objects those two moving animate objects
524 PRO NP thi ði [ði] ȼi 2S you, thou, thee you, thou, thee
233 PRO NP toⁿgatoⁿ tą́ŋgatą [ˈtɔŋgɑtɔ̃] tañ'gataⁿ ? we who will we who will → in 1 example
525 PRO NP wíe wíe [ˈwie̩] wíe 1S I, me I, me
526 PRO NP wíedoⁿ wíedɔ̃ [ˈwie̩ðɔ̃] wíedaⁿ 1S-only I, instead of or to the exclusion of others me (emphatic or contrastive)
527 PRO NP wíeshte wíešte [ˈwie̩ʃte] wíecte 1S-even even I even I
32 PRO NP wi wi [wi] wi 1S I, me I, me
48 PRO NP wi wi [wi] 2S←1S I ... you
303 PRO POSS gthoⁿ gðą [gðɔ̃] gȼoⁿ POSS.REFL the possessive-reflexive pronoun (Radin) belonging to each other
247 PRO POSS thithíta ðiðíta [ðiˈðita] ȼiȼíta 2S-POSS your, yours, your own, thine your, yours, your own, thine → in 2 examples
7 PRO POSS wiwita wiwita [wiwita] 1SG.POSS my → in 3 examples
134 PRO PRN a a [a] 1S I
147 PRO PRN a a [a] P1P we (PAT)
138 PRO PRN Ø Ø A3, P3S (not P, DAT) Ø she/he/it/they
11 PRO PRN bth [bð] A1S I
70 PRO PRN e e [e] 3S he/she/it
150 PRO PRN e e [e] 3.DAT to/for her/him/it
66 PRO PRN gi gi [gi] ʞɪ REFL themselves self; own (SUUS?)
686 PRO PRN hn hn [hn] hn A2P you (P) you (plural)
86 PRO PRN iⁿ į [ĩ] iⁿ P1S.DAT (INBD) to me have, to me
61 PRO PRN n n [n] 2S you (singular)
145 PRO PRN n...i n...i [n...i] 2-(verb root)-P you (plural) ...
1 PRO PRN oⁿ ą [ɔ̃] aⁿ P1.SG me me
136 PRO PRN oⁿ ą [ɔ̃] aⁿ A1.PL we we
144 PRO PRN oⁿth ąð [ɔ̃ð] 1P we
39 PRO PRN th ð [ð] 3S he/she/it
2 PRO PRN tha ða [ða] tha A2S you
135 PRO PRN tha ða [ða] 2S you (singular)
683 PRO PRN tha ða [ða] ȼa A2P you (PL) you (P)
137 PRO PRN tha...i ða...i [ða...i] 2-(verb root)-PL you all ...
30 PRO PRN thash daš [ðaʃ] 2S.SBJ you (sg.)
146 PRO PRN thi di [ði] P2P you (P.PAT)
149 PRO PRN thi ði [ði] 2S.DAT to/for me
84 PRO PRN wa wa [wa] wa P3P.ANIM they they, them (object)
151 PRO PRN we we [we] 1P.DAT to/for us
152 PRO PRN we we [we] 3P.DAT to/for you (P)
523 PRO, NUM NP, QNT áthiⁿ áðĩ [ˈaðĩ] áȼiⁿ both.ANM two moving animate both (animate)
475 PRT EVID pi [pi] EVID I was there been there (eyewitness) → in 2 examples
18 PRT IMP ga [ga] IMP.M imperative, used by men imperative (male speech) → in 4 examples
271 PRT INT ádoⁿ ádą [ˈaðɔ̃] ádaⁿ Q ? (interrogative marker) → in 1 example
16 PRT MOD a ɑ [ɒ] IMP.FEM - imperative (female speech)
592 PRT MOD bazhiⁿ bažį́ [baˈʒĩ] baji' NEG not not → in 5 examples
200 PRT MOD tai tai [tai̩] tai FUT-PL will will → in 8 examples
290 PRT MOD [ta] FUT will will → in 3 examples
22 PRT Q a a [a] a Q ? interrogative → in 2 examples
597 QNT QNT hnoⁿqti hnaⁿqti [hnɔ̃çti] hnaⁿqti only only only → in 1 example
504 QNT QNT oⁿthóⁿ ąðą́ [ɔ̃ˈðɔ̃] aⁿȼaⁿ' alone apiece, each, one at a time alone, apiece, each
342 V shethé [?eˈðe] ceȼé follow.foootprints to go in footprints seen follow a track
371 V tʰoⁿtʰoⁿ [tʰ??tʰ??] t'aⁿt'aⁿ be-REDP abound here and there abound
244 V thagthiⁿ [ðaˈgð?] ȼagȼiⁿ' P2S-sit you sit you sit → in 2 examples
222 V uáwakíai [uˈawa?kiai] uáwakíai in-1PL.PAT-3PL-with-talk-PL they talked with us they talked with us → in 1 example
294 V uthéwiⁿawáthe-de uȼéwiⁿawáȼe-de I.collect.them I collect them I collect them → in 1 example
312 V wákii [ˈwaki?] wákii P3P-BEN-PL they tried to get from us they get → in 1 example
320 V wánase [ˈwanase] wánase P1P.head.off heading us off intercept us → in 1 example
345 V wiúwahai [wiˈuwahai] wiúwahai P1P-PREV-A3S-follow-PL they follow/track us they follow/track us
441 V CAUS kʰiha kʰiha [ˈkʰiha] make make, let (causative)
431 V IMP ke ke [ke] kĕ come.IMP come! come! (imperative) → in 1 example
230 V ROOT shkáge [ˈ?kaxe] ckáxe do/make you do do, make → in 1 example
104 V ROOT tha [ða] go go
102 V ROOT wóⁿ [w??] tell tell
349 V STEM útha [ˈuða] úȼa tell tell about (animate objects) tell about
12 V STEM e e [e] go go
502 V STEM shkoⁿ škɔ̃ [ʃkɔ̃] ckaⁿ do move about, stir, act, do do, act
347 V STEM t'áthiⁿ [t?ˈað?] t'aȼiⁿ die-be about to die, near death in a state of dying
15 V STEM thiza ðiza [ðiza] get get
491 V STEM u'óⁿsi uˀɔ̃'si [uˀˈɔ̃si] u'aⁿsi jump leap, jump leap, jump
492 V STEM u'óⁿsisi uˀɔ̃'sisi [uˀˈɔ̃sisi] u'aⁿ'sisi jump.REDUP jump frequently jump frequently
346 V STEM uhé [uˈhe] uhé PREV_follow track/follow follow/track (somebody)
579 V V ethégoⁿ eðégaⁿ [eˈðegã] eȼégaⁿ that-think think, think that think that → in 1 example
559 V V qthu xðu [xðu] qȼu be hollow hollow [verb stem] hollow
578 V V shéethégoⁿ šéeðégaⁿ [ˌʃee̩ˈðegã] céeȼégaⁿ DEM-think to think this; to have this opinion think this
459 V V shíba šíba [ˈʃiba] -cíba- fire -discharge- fire (discharge)
583 V V sithégoⁿ siðegaⁿ [siˈðegɔ̃] siȼégaⁿ back-think remember somewhat, think of a little remember somewhat
551 V V wétoⁿiⁿthe wétaⁿiⁿðé [ˌwetɑ̩̃ɪ̩̃ˈðe] wétaⁿiⁿȼé distinction-V distinguish distinguish
454 V V ze ze [ze] do do
424 V VP 'éthoⁿthai ˀéðąðai [ˀˈeðãðai] 'éȼaⁿȼai P3S-hit-PL? he was hit on he got hit → in 1 example
175 V VP a-í a'í [aˈi] 3-came-PL they came
92 V VP abthé abðé [abˈðe] agȼé STEM-1SG-go I went back I go
477 V VP agítʰi (agthí after Dorsey) agítʰi [aˈgitʰi] agȼí 1S-back-home I came home come back, arrive home → in 1 example
128 V VP agthi-hnaⁿi agði-hną́i [agði-ˈhnɔ̃i] agȼi-hnaⁿ'i arrive-regularly they came back regularly they came (back) regularly → in 1 example
654 V VP ahí ahí [aˈhi] ahí to-here arriving arrive, come → in 3 examples
211 V VP ahíi ahìi [aˈhiː] ahíi at-PL-reach-PL they reached they reached → in 4 examples
676 V VP akí akí [aˈki] akí reach reached again reach, arrive at → in 2 examples
210 V VP atíi atíi [aˈtii̩] atíi 3.came-PL they came they came → in 2 examples
494 V VP athaí aðaí [aðaˈi] aȼaí go-PL they went they go/went → in 1 example
340 V VP azhóⁿi ažóⁿí [aˈʒɔ̃i̩] ajaⁿ'i act.so do you act so (be) so → in 1 example
444 V VP ágthiⁿ ágðį [ˈagðĩ] ágȼiⁿ sit-the.PAT.P they sat they were sitting → in 2 examples
373 V VP áthahushíge áðahišíge [ˈaðaˈhuʃige] áȼahucíge you.speak.saucily you speak saucily you speak saucily → in 1 example
610 V VP égitheqtióⁿ égiðextią [egɪðe̞xtiɔ̃] égiȼĕqtɪaⁿ' help-very-much pitied his own very much very much help/compassion/pity → in 1 example
376 V VP égizhoⁿ égižɔ̃ [ˈegiʒɔ̃] égijaⁿ 2S.do.that you do that you do that → in 1 example
379 V VP égoⁿ-ga égɔŋ-gɑ [ˈegɔŋ-gɑ] égañ-gă so-IMP.M do it do so → in 1 example
329 V VP ékipa wénazhiⁿi ékipa wénažįi [ˈekipa ˈwenažĩi̩] ékipa wénajiⁿi surround P1.DAT-stand-PL stood surrounding us surround stand for us (?) → in 1 example
372 V VP íⁿthikɑⁿi-ga į́ðikąi-gɑ [ˈĩðɪkɔ̃i-gɑ] iⁿ'ȼɪkaⁿ'i-gă make.room-P1-PL-IMP.M make ye room for me make room for us → in 1 example
627 V VP íbahoⁿ íbahą [ˈibahɔ̃] íbahaⁿ know know know → in 4 examples
17 V VP óⁿi ą́i [ˈɔ̃i̩] aⁿ'i 1P-inbound give me give me
13 V VP óⁿthana'óⁿzhi ąðanaˀąži [ˈɔ̃ðanaˀˈɔ̃ʒi] aⁿ'ȼana'aⁿ'ji P1S-A2S-listen-NEG me you do not listen to you (sg.) don't listen to me → in 1 example
499 V VP úwakoⁿ úwakɔ̃ ['uwakɔ̃] úwakaⁿ P3P-help help them help them
501 V VP úwathakoⁿ tate úwaðakɔ̃ tate [ˈuwaðakɔ̃ tate] úwaȼakaⁿ tate P3P-PREV-A2S-help to-the you shall help them you shall help them
72 V VP bthé bðé [bˈðe] bthé A1S-go I go I go → in 4 examples
662 V VP doⁿbai dą́bai [ˈdɔ̃baɪ] daⁿ'baɪ see-P [they] saw him they saw him → in 1 example
24 V VP doⁿbá ðą́ba [ˈdɔ̃ba] daⁿ'ba 3S-see see he/she/it see (actor) or be seen (undergoer) → in 1 example
657 V VP eduíhai eduíhai [eduˈihaɪ] ĕduíhaɪ 3S.INAN-join he joined it join it → in 1 example
322 V VP góⁿi gɔ̃'i [ˈgɔ̃i̩] gaⁿ'i A3-so-PL they did so they do/did so → in 1 example
167 V VP gthiⁿ-bi-amá gðį-biamá [gðĩ-biaˈma] 3-sit-PL-EVID they sit/sat, they say
108 V VP [hi] arrive arrived arrive → in 1 example
541 V VP hníze hníze [ˈhnize] hníze PREV-P2S-receive you receive you receive → in 1 example
450 V VP hnóⁿ hną [hnɔ̃] hnaⁿ' ride rode ride → in 1 example
62 V VP iⁿshtoⁿ įštą [ĩʃtɔ̃] finish finish
488 V VP iⁿwíⁿða-ga ĩwĩ́ða-ga [ĩˈwĩða-ga] iⁿwiⁿ'ȼa-ga P1S.DAT-tell-IMP.MALE tell to me tell me (imperative) → in 1 example
259 V VP ishpahoⁿ išpahɔ̃ [iʃpahɔ̃] icpahaⁿ you.know.it you know it you know it → in 1 example
261 V VP ithápahoⁿ-xti-moⁿ iðápahɔ̃-xti-mɔ̃ [iˈðapahɔ̃-xti-mɔ̃] iȼápahaⁿ-qti-maⁿ' I.know.it-very-well I know it very well I know it very well → in 1 example
283 V VP koⁿbtha ką́bða [ˈkɔ̃bða] kaⁿ'bȼa PREV-A1S-wish I wish I wish → in 2 examples
285 V VP moⁿbthiⁿ mąbðį́ [mɔ̃ˈbðĩ] maⁿbȼiⁿ' walk-A1S I walk I walk → in 2 examples
493 V VP nazhiⁿ nažį́ [naˈʒĩ] najiⁿ' stand.CONT stand, continue standing → in 1 example
339 V VP nágiha nágiha [ˈnagiha] nágiha A1S.follow.own I follow my own I follow mine → in 1 example
112 V VP oⁿdóⁿkʰide ąðą́ŋkhide [ɔ̃ˈðɔŋkʰide] aⁿȼañ'kide 1P-at-shoot we shot at we shot at → in 1 example
318 V VP oⁿgagthai ąŋgagðai [ɔŋgagðai] aŋgagȼaɪ A1P-homeward-PL we went homeward we went homeward → in 2 examples
113 V VP oⁿgathai ąŋgaðai [ɔ̃gaðai] añgaȼai 1P-that.DIST-go-P we went we went → in 5 examples
205 V VP oⁿgathe ąŋgaðe [ɔ̃gaðe] añgaȼe 1P-go we go we go → in 1 example
188 V VP oⁿgáhii ąŋgáhii [ɔŋˈgahii̩] añgáhii 1P-arrive-PL we arrived we arrive → in 3 examples
178 V VP oⁿgáth ąŋgáð [ɔŋˈgað] añgáȼ we-go we went we go/went → in 1 example
383 V VP oⁿgúgthiⁿi ąŋgúgðįi [ɔŋˈgugðĩi̩] añgúgȼiⁿi A1P-sit.in-PL we sat in we sat in → in 2 examples
328 V VP oⁿgúnazhiⁿi ąŋgúnažįi [ɔ̃ˈgunaʒĩi̩] añgúnajiⁿi A1P-in?-stand-PL we stood in it we stand in it
96 V VP oⁿthákima-te ąðákima té [ɔ̃ˈðakima-?te] aⁿȼákima té P1S-A2S-PREV-DEF.PAT-fight you [may] fight me you fight me → in 1 example
539 V VP oⁿthóⁿbahoⁿ ąðą́bahą [ɔⁿˈðɔⁿbahɔⁿ] aⁿȼaⁿ'bahaⁿ each-know he knows me know sbd → in 1 example
377 V VP shkóⁿhna šką́hna [ʃˈkɔ̃hna] ckaⁿ'hna you.wish you wish you wish → in 1 example
289 V VP shubthé šubðé [ʃubˈðe] cubȼé ?-A1S-go I go to you I go to you → in 2 examples
428 V VP t'éoⁿthai tˀéąðaí [tˀˈɔ̃ðai] t'éaⁿȼaɪ kill-P1S-CMPL?-P they have killed me they have killed me → in 1 example
430 V VP t'éoⁿtheqtióⁿi tˀéąðextią́i [tˀˈeãðe̞xtɪˈãi̩] t'éaⁿȼĕqtɪaⁿ'ɪ kill-P1S-DEF.LIE-very-P1S-PL they have really killed me they have really killed me → in 1 example
168 V VP tígthe tigðe [ˈtigðe] house-sitting he/she/it/they dwellt
36 V VP tha ða [ða] kick kick
241 V VP thagthiⁿxtshi ðagðįxtši [ðagˈðĩxtʃi] ȼagȼiⁿ'qtci 2P-sit.just you sit just (on it) you sit just (on it) → in 1 example
21 V VP theshpaha ðešpaha [ðeʃpaha] 2sg.SUBJ.show you show
458 V VP thishíbai-ga ðišíbai-ga [ðiˈšíbaɪ-ga] ȼicíbai-gă 2P-fire-PL-IMP discharge (the guns) you (PL) shall fire → in 1 example
543 V VP tiáukithá tiáuⁿkiðá [tiaˈukiˌtha] tɪaũ'kɪȼá house-P1S-send-make make one come to me home to me send → in 1 example
500 V VP uawákoⁿ uawákɔ̃ [uaˈwakɔ̃] uawákaⁿ P3P-A1S-help I help them I help them
503 V VP ushkóⁿ uškɔ̃' [uʃˈkɔ̃] uckaⁿ' they-do to do, to work they do/did
191 V VP wa'íi waˀíi [waˀˈiː] wa'íi U1P-A3-give-PL they gave us they give/gave to us → in 1 example
422 V VP wadóⁿbe wadɔ̃be [waˈdɔ̃be] wadaⁿ'be P3-A1P-see we looked at them we saw him/them → in 1 example
440 V VP wahúkʰiha wahúkʰiha [wahúkʰiha] some-way-make reject (young woman rejecting middle aged suitor)
486 V VP wakéga-bázhi ðiðíta [waˈkega-ˈbaʒi] wakéga-báji P3P-sick--be?-NEG sick not he/she is not sick → in 1 example
314 V VP wakídai wakídai [waˈkidai] wakídai 3P-P1P-shoot-PL they shot at us they shot at us → in 1 example
483 V VP watóⁿbe watɔ̃́be [watóⁿbe] wataⁿ'be P3S-A1S-see I saw him I saw him → in 1 example
332 V VP wathákide waðákide [waˈðakide] waȼákide P1P-A2S-shoot you shot at us you shoot at us → in 1 example
204 V VP wágiati wágiati [ˈwagiati] wágiati come.for.us for us they came they come for us → in 1 example
323 V VP wáthiⁿ wáðį [ˈwaðĩ] wáȼiⁿ P3P.INDF-ART.ANI.MOV having us us (patient, moving) → in 1 example
727 V VP wáthiⁿ wáðį [ˈwaðĩ] wáȼɪⁿ take they took take → in 1 example
452 V VP wégoⁿze wégɔ̃ze [ˈwegɔ̃ze] wégaⁿze he-P1P.DAT-that-do instructing us he told us what to do → in 1 example
495 V VP wéthikoⁿi wéðikąi [ˈweðɪkɔ̃ɪ] wéȼɪkaⁿɪ BEN.make.way-PL made way for them make way for them → in 1 example
326 V VP wikíde wikíde [wiˈkide] wɪkíde P2S←A1S-shoot I shoot at you I shoot at you → in 2 examples
273 V VP witóⁿbe witɔ̃be [wiˈtɔ̃be] witaⁿ'be P2S?A1S-see I see you I see you → in 2 examples
468 V VP witóⁿbe witɔ̃́be [wiˈɔ̃be] wɪtaⁿ'be P2←A1S-see I see you I see you → in 1 example
9 V VP xtaathe xtaaðe [xtaaðe] PREV-1S-like I like
119 V VP xtathe xtaðe [xtaðe] like like
330 V, N surround [ˈwanase] wánase surround to surround (like a herd of buffalo) surround, surrounding (N)
397 V, N V, N bthoⁿ bðoⁿ [bðɔ̃] bȼoⁿ smell smell, emit an odour smell, odor
99 V, N VP, NP ukʰít'e ukʰítˀe [uˈkʰitˀe] ukíte fight fight fight, nation (those who fight together) → in 2 examples
306 VA ánudoⁿ ánudoⁿ make.war make war make war
337 VA wétoⁿiⁿthe [ˈwet???ðe] wétaⁿiⁿȼe distinguish to distinguish distinguish
201 VA EVID ai ai [aˈi̩] ai 3.SUB-say-PL (A3) said he/she/they said (in indirect speech) → in 24 examples
667 VA REP á á [a] á 3.say.CMPL said he, said they said he/they → in 4 examples
569 VA V ánudóⁿ ánudą́ [anudã] ánudaⁿ' to-war make war, go to war make war
538 VA V gthíⁿ gðíⁿ [gdĩ] gȼiⁿ' sit sit to sit
544 VA V shi ši [ʃi] ci arrive arrive, arrived/been there arrive, come
545 VA V tʰithé tiðé [tiˈðe] tiȼé begin begin, start, arrive begin, start, arrive (like birth)
563 VA V u'óⁿsi u'áⁿsi [uˀˈãsi] u'aⁿ'si jump jump, leap jump, leap
489 VA V wíⁿða wį́ða [ˈwĩða] wiⁿ'ȼa tell tell tell
310 VA VP a-íi aíi [aˈiː] a-íi come-PROX-PL they approached they approached → in 1 example
626 VA VP aȼá aðá [aˈða] aȼá go went go/went → in 1 example
644 VA VP aȼá aðá [aˈða] aȼá 3.went he went he went → in 1 example
478 VA VP agíkʰi agíkʰi [aˈgikʰi] a-gi'-ki go-DAT-SUUS having gone thither for what is not his [be(en)] over there for his [sth]
537 VA VP agthíⁿ agðį́ [agˈði] agȼiⁿ' P1S-sit I sit I sit → in 1 example
189 VA VP amádi amádi [aˈmadi] amádi by.them by them by them → in 1 example
129 VA VP ashkade aškade [aʃkade] 1S-play I play
666 VA VP atí atí [aˈti] atí 3.come.CMPL has come sbd has come → in 2 examples
649 VA VP athá aðá [aˈða] aȼá go go, walk go, walk → in 4 examples
637 VA VP athé aðé [aˈðe] aȼé go go go → in 1 example
712 VA VP átha áða [ˈaða] áȼa say-CMPL indeed indeed [reaffirming] → in 1 example
433 VA VP éga-zéze éga-zéze [ˈega(.)ˈzeze] éga-zéze go-that.DIST-row in a row move in a row → in 1 example
611 VA VP égithe égiðe [ˈegɪðe] égiȼĕ help help help
198 VA VP íi-gă íi-gɑ [ˈii̩gɑ] íi-gă come-PL-IMP.M be ye coming [you (PL)] come (male speech imperative) → in 1 example
393 VA VP bat'é batˀé [batˀˈe] bat'é by.punchig-kill kill by punching or stabbing kill by punching or stabbing
139 VA VP bthatʰe bdatʰe [bðatʰe] 1S-eat I eat
672 VA VP dóⁿ'be dą́be [ˈdɔ̃be] daⁿ'be see.IRR to see to see → in 1 example
609 VA VP enáqtshi enáqtši [eˈnaxtʃi] enáqtci do.CMPL he done done → in 1 example
5 VA VP gaqa gaqa [gaɣa] gáxa ~ gaxá do do do → in 3 examples
456 VA VP gaqái-gă gaqái-gă [gaˈɣái-gă] gaxái-gă 3-make-PL-IMP make ye you (PL) shall do → in 1 example
702 VA VP gasá gasá [gaˈsa] gasá cut.down cut down cut down
701 VA VP gasá-bi gasá-bi [gaˈsa-bi] gasá-bi cut.down-EVID cut down, they say cut down (hearsay) → in 1 example
714 VA VP gi'óⁿ giˀǫ́ [giˀˈɔ̃] ʞɪ'aⁿ' REFL-paint they painted themselves paint oneself → in 1 example
713 VA VP gigthítoⁿ gigðítą [gigˈðitɔ̃] ʞɪgȼítaⁿ REFL-prepare prepared themselves prepare oneself → in 1 example
721 VA VP gthí gðí [gˈði] gȼí come.back come back come back
720 VA VP gthí-hnoⁿi gðí-hnąi [ˈgðihnɔ̃] gȼí-hnaⁿi come.back-HAB-P they used to come back they use(d) to come back
392 VA VP gthe gðe [gðe] gȼe home?-go go back, go home go back, go home
325 VA VP hnaí hnai [hnai̩] hnaí 2P?-go-P ye go you go (P) → in 1 example
239 VA VP hné hné [hne] hné A2P-go you go you (P) go → in 3 examples
186 VA VP igthiⁿ igðį́ [igˈðĩ] igȼiⁿ' sit.at/dwell sat at dwell(t) → in 1 example
685 VA VP móⁿhníⁿ mǫ́hnį́ [mɔ̃hnĩ] maⁿ'hnɪⁿ' PREV-A2P-walk you (PL) walked you (PL) walked → in 1 example
670 VA VP moⁿgthíⁿi maŋgðį́i [mɔŋgðĩi̩] mañgȼɪⁿ'ɪ away-PL begone ye begone ye, you.PL leave → in 1 example
163 VA VP moⁿthíⁿ mą́ði [ˈmɔ̃ði] maⁿ'ȼi walk go walk, go → in 3 examples
143 VA VP natʰai natʰai [natʰai] 2-eat-P you (P) eat
140 VA VP natʰe natʰe [natʰe] 2S-eat you (S) eat
308 VA VP noⁿetóⁿi-ga nąetą́iga [nɔ̃e̩ˈtɔ̃i-ga] naⁿetaⁿ'i-ga INST.by.foot-distinguish-IMP.M stop moving stop moving → in 1 example
132 VA VP oⁿshkada ąškada [ɔ̃ʃkada] 1P-play we play
319 VA VP oⁿtha ąða [ɑ̃ða] aⁿȼa toss throw, toss, fling leave, abandon, forsake, throw away, toss
142 VA VP oⁿthatʰa ąðatʰa [ɔ̃ðatʰa] 1P-eat we eat
278 VA VP oniⁿ' taté onį́ taté [oˈnĩ taˈte] oniⁿ' taté you shall buy you shall buy → in 1 example
159 VA VP píthe píðe [ˈpiðe] 3P-love they love
100 VA VP shénawáthe šénawáðe [ʃenawaðe] expend [sth] expend, he/she/it/them expended
131 VA VP shkada škada [ʃkada] 3-play she/he/they play(s)
133 VA VP thashkadai ðaškadai [ðaʃkadai] 2-play-P you (plural) play
130 VA VP thashkade ðaškade [ˈðaʃkade] 2S-play you (singular) play
141 VA VP thatʰa ðatha [ðatʰa] 3-eat she/he/they eat(s)
618 VA VP thatʰóⁿ ðatóⁿ [ðaˈtɔ̃] ȼataⁿ' drink drink drink
40 VA VP thatʰoⁿ ðatʰǫ́ [ðaðɔ̃] ȼataⁿ' drink drink drink
266 VA VP thazhú-bazhi ðažú-baži [ðaˈʒu-baʒi] ȼajú-baji speaking.contemptateously speaking contemptateously speaking contemptateously → in 1 example
324 VA VP thá-bazhíi-ga ðá-bažíi-ga [ˈða-baˈʒii̩-ga] ȼá-bajíi-ga A2-go?-NEG-PL-IMP do not go do not go (2PL) → in 1 example
49 VA VP toⁿbe tąbe [tɔ̃be] see see
594 VA VP ugáshoⁿ ugášaⁿ [uˈgaʃɔ̃] ugácaⁿ DEF-loose travel travel, go on a trip → in 1 example
238 VA VP uthágashoⁿ uðágašą [uˈðagaʃɑ̃] uȼágacaⁿ PREV-2S-traverse you traverse you traverse → in 1 example
194 VA VP uthéwiⁿawáthai uðéwįawáðai [uˈðewĩaˈwaðai] uȼéwiⁿawáȼai scattered-one-GOAL-A3P-U1P-go-PL they collected us they assemble(d) us → in 1 example
655 VA VP uthéwiⁿkithá uðéwiŋkiðá [uˈðewĩkiˈða] uȼéwiñkɪȼá all-one-make they collected themselves gather, assemble → in 1 example
268 VA VP utiⁿtiⁿ utįtį [utĩtĩ] utiⁿtiⁿ hit.repeatedly he hit repeatedly hit repeatedly → in 1 example
185 VA VP wa'é waˀé [wa?ˈe] wa'é farm(V) farming farm(V) → in 1 example
652 VA VP waoⁿ waoⁿ [waɔ̃] sing sing
624 VA VP, NP nudóⁿ nudą́ [nuˈdɔ̃] nudaⁿ' make.war make war; the warriors make war, go to war → in 10 examples
394 VA VT btha bða [bða] bȼa open open, spread out; be opened or spread out open, spread out
690 VD VP 'íi ˀíi [ˀii̩] 'íi give-3P give to him give sbd things/stuff → in 1 example
693 VD VP 'íi-gă ˀíi-gɑ [ˀˈíi̩gɑ] 'íi-gă give-3P-IMP.M give to him give sbd things/stuff → in 1 example
336 VP VP wétoⁿiⁿ gáxe [ˈwet??? ˈgaxe] wétaⁿiⁿ gáxe distinguish do to distinguish distinguish, make a distinction
299 VS banóⁿnoⁿ banaⁿ'naⁿ scattered-REDP scattered group be scattered
300 VS banoⁿ banaⁿ' scattered scattered group scattered, dispersed
396 VS bthédoⁿ [ˈbðed??] bthédoⁿ thin thin thin
395 VS bthéka [ˈbðeka] b?éka thin thin thin
407 VS dóⁿbewatházhi [ˈd??bewa?ða?i ~ ˈd??bewa?baða?i] daⁿ'bewaȼáji ~ daⁿ'bewáȼabáji see-?-NEG invisible, cannot be seen invisible, cannot be seen
410 VS kíu [ˈkiu] kíu wounded wounded, be wounded wounded
343 VS uákʰihoⁿ [u'akʰih??] uákihaⁿ other next to, following, additional, extra (be) other, next to, following, additional, extra
234 VS AP údoⁿ údą [ˈudɔ̃] údaⁿ good good be good → in 2 examples
445 VS AP bthúga bðúga [ˈbðuga] bȼúga be.round round, entire, whole, all round, entire → in 1 example
677 VS AP gítheqtióⁿ gíðextią́ [ˈgiðe̞xtiˌɔ̃] gíȼĕqtiaⁿ' glad-very was very glad (be) very glad → in 1 example
473 VS AP waqpáthi waxpáði [waxˈpaði] waqpáȼi poor to be poor poor → in 1 example
659 VS AP wathíshna waðíshna [waˈðiʃna] waȼíɔna be.manifest was manifest be manifest, visible → in 1 example
182 VS EVID égoⁿi égąi [ˈegɔ̃i] égaⁿi so-P it was so things/they were so → in 1 example
50 VS IRR tamiⁿkʰe tamįkʰe [tamĩkʰe] POT-P1S I will, I might
67 VS NEG oⁿkazhi ąkaži [ɔ̃kaʒi] 1P-NEG we don't
370 VS STVZ, EXST tʰoⁿ tʰɑ̨ [tʰɑ̃] t'aⁿ be be, exist, abound / have, possess be, exist, abound / have, possess
263 VS STVZ, EXST wazhiⁿ' waží̃ [waˈʒĩ] wajiⁿ' 2.be you are you are → in 1 example
595 VS V gashíⁿ gašíⁿ [gaˈʃĩ] gaciⁿ' loose loose, easily untied loose
575 VS V hébe hébe [ˈhebe] hebe part (of sth) partial, part of sth, a portion of sth partial, part of sth
435 VS V skă skă [skă] skă white white (only used for distant objects) white
607 VS V thiⁿgéqti ðiŋgéqti [ðiŋˈgexti] ȼɪñgĕ'qti without without without, lacking → in 1 example
313 VS VA oⁿgúthi'agaí-de ąŋgúðiˀagaí-de [ɔŋˈguðiˀagaˈi-ðe] añgúȼi'agaí-de P1P-be.unwilling-P-when we were unwilling when when we were unwilling → in 1 example
297 VS VP 'ábae ˀábae [ˀˈabae̩] ˀábae be.hunting hunting be hunting → in 2 examples
348 VS VP athiⁿ aðĩ [aðĩ] aȼiⁿ in.a.state.of have be, in a state of, have → in 4 examples
91 VS VP awátape awátape [aˈwatape] awátape 1S.PAT-3.PAT-near I, being near to them I was close to them
358 VS VP ábasi ábasi [ˈabasi] ábasi untrue false, untrue, to lie be false, untrue, lie
699 VS VP édegoⁿ édegą [ˈedegɔ̃] édegaⁿ COND-so but but being → in 1 example
710 VS VP í í [i] í be.inbound coming being inbound, coming → in 1 example
192 VS VP údoⁿxtioⁿi údąxtiąi [ˈudɔ̃xtiɔ̃i] údaⁿqtiaⁿi good-very-P it was very good they were very good → in 1 example
598 VS VP úqtawáthe úqtawáthe [ˌuçtaˈwaðe] úqtawáȼĕ be.loving love love → in 1 example
120 VS VP úzhawaxtioⁿi úžawaxtią́i [ˈuʒawaxtiˈɔ̃i] úȷawaqtɪaⁿ'ɪ good-enormous-very-P1-give we were in excelent spirits be in very good spirits → in 2 examples
26 VS VP bthiⁿ bðį [bðĩ] bȼiⁿ 1S-be I am, first person be I am
221 VS VP ededí-ma ededi-ma [edeˈdi-ma] ededí-ma there-at-DEF.PAT.ANI.P they were there they [be] there → in 1 example
580 VS VP ethégoⁿwáthe eðégoⁿwáðe [eˈðegɔ̃ˌwaðe] eȼéguⁿwáȼe this-think-ADJZ? probable, reasonable, conceivable likely, conceivable, probable, reasonable
581 VS VP ethégoⁿzhi eðégaⁿji [eˈðegãʒi] eȼégaⁿji that-think-NEG not think that not think that
582 VS VP ethégoⁿzhiwáthe eðégaⁿžiwáðe [eˈðegɔ̃ʒiˌwaðe] eȼégaⁿjiwáȼe this-think-not-ADJZ? unreasonable; not to be thought of unreasonable, unthinkable
248 VS VP gashíbe gašíbe [gaˈʃibe] gacíbe that-out.of out of it out of it → in 2 examples
98 VS VP gaxthoⁿ gaxðą [gaxðɔ̃] gaqȼaⁿ be.hunting on the hunt be hunting → in 1 example
646 VS VP góⁿtha góⁿtha [ˈgɔ̃ða] gaⁿ'ȼa want those who wanted want → in 1 example
391 VS VP gi gi [gi] gi come.back to be coming back, come home be coming back, come home, return
88 VS VP gthíⁿ gðį́ [gðĩ] gȼiⁿ' SIT sitting be sitting → in 2 examples
648 VS VP kóⁿge kóⁿge [ˈkɔŋge] kañ'ge near near near → in 1 example
321 VS VP nazhíⁿi nažį́'i [naˈʒĩi̩] najiⁿ'i 3P-stand.CONT-P they stood they stand/stood; they are continuing → in 1 example
613 VS VP nóⁿqti náⁿqti [ˈnɔ̃xti] naⁿ'qti grown grown grown, adult → in 1 example
461 VS VP oⁿwóⁿxpani ąwą́xpani [ɔ̃ˈwɔ̃xpani] aⁿwaⁿ'qpani P1S-poor me poor I am poor → in 1 example
573 VS VP paháshiádi pahádi [paˈhaʃiˌadi] paháciádi hill-arrive.there.CMPL-be.STV upon a high place or obj on something high
577 VS VP sheégoⁿ šeégoⁿ [ʃeˈegɔ̃] ceégaⁿ that-such of that kind; of that sort kind, sort
368 VS VP shi ši [ʃi] ci arrive.2.CMPL you have arrived there, you have been there you have arrived there, you have been there
369 VS VP shi ši [ʃi] ci come.2.CMPL you are (or were) coming here you are or were coming here
506 VS VP shkóⁿazhí shkóⁿazhi [ˈʃkɔ̃aˈʒi] shkóⁿazhí move-NEG be motionless, be still, be at rest be motionless, be still, be at rest
635 VS VP shtewoⁿ štewoⁿ [ˈʃtewɔ̃] ctĕwaⁿ' secret secret secret → in 2 examples
470 VS VP thiⁿgé ðįgé [ðĩˈge] ȼɪñgé lack without without, lack, have none → in 6 examples
253 VS VP thithítazhi ðiðitaži [ðiˈðitaʒi] ȼiȼítaji 2S.DAT-POSS-NEG is not yours is not your(s) → in 1 example
250 VS VP thithiⁿge ðiðíŋge [ðiˈðiŋge] ȼiȼiñ'ge P2P-lack you have none you lack, you don't have → in 1 example
90 VS VP thoⁿkʰáta ðąŋkʰáta [ðɔŋˈkʰata] ȼañkáta DEF.OBV.SIT-behind to those who were those sitting (in the background)
240 VS VP ubthí'age ubðíˀage [ubˈðiˀage] ubȼí'age PREV-A1S-unwilling I am unwilling I am unwilling → in 2 examples
127 VS VP wa'iⁿ waˀį́ [waˀˈĩ] wa'iⁿ' P3P-have carrying them they have → in 1 example
633 VS VP waqúbe waçúbe [waˈçúbe] waqúbe sth-sacred sacred, mysterious sacred → in 1 example
275 VS VP wíebthiⁿ wíebðį [ˈwiebdĩ] wíebȼiⁿ P1S-be it is I it is I → in 1 example
586 VS VP zhíⁿazhi žíⁿaži [ˈʒĩaʒi] jiⁿ'aji little-NEG be proud, think too highly of oneself proud
281 VS VP zhút'oⁿ žútˀą [ˈʒutˀɑ̃] jút'aⁿ grow grows grow → in 1 example
23 VS, ADJ AP wazhethoⁿ wažeðą [waʒeðɔ̃] be.tired be tired, tired
315 VS, N VP, NP ushté ušté [uʃˈte] ucté remain remaining, the rest remain, left over, other → in 3 examples
675 VS-VA DET-REP akáma akáma [aˈkama] akáma the.SBJ-say was the one they say the one (they) say → in 2 examples
451 VT EVID biamá biamá [biaˈma] biamá A3P-say-the.PAT they say they say [it] (hearsay) → in 40 examples
694 VT REP-EVID á-biamá á-biamá [a-bɪama] á-biamá A3.say.CMPL-A3P-say-the.PAT said he they say he/she said, they say (hearsay) → in 2 examples
584 VT V qítha qíða [ˈçiða] çíȼa hesitant hate to undertake, fear of failure reluctant, fear of failure, doubtful
604 VT V thahíde ðahíde [ðaˈhide] ȼahíde ridicule ridicule ridicule sbd, make fun of sbd → in 2 examples
562 VT V u'í u'í [uˀˈi] u'í lend lend sth, give sbd food lend sth, give sbd food
229 VT VA edéhe edéhe [eˈdehe] edéhe I.say.what I say what I say (that) → in 1 example
277 VT VA níkashiⁿgathádithe níkašįgaðádiðe [ˈnikaʃįgaˈðadiðe] níkaciⁿgaȼádiȼe man-A2S-P2S-make you make yourself a man you make yourself a man → in 1 example
351 VT VP 'e ˀe [ˀe] 'e dig/peel to dig; to peel (like potatoes) dig, peel
696 VT VP 'i-biamá 'i-biamá [ˀi-biaˈma] ˀi-biamá give-EVID they gave to him, they say give sbd (hearsay) → in 1 example
638 VT VP 'ithe 'iðe [ˀiðe] 'iȼe speak.of spoke of speak [of sth] → in 1 example
688 VT VP agíahí agíahí [aˈgia̩ˈhi] agíahí BEN-return-arrive arrived for him arrive back (after having left) for sbd → in 1 example
282 VT VP agtháte agðáte [agˈðate] agȼáte I.eat.mine I eat mine I eat mine → in 1 example
474 VT VP amáta amáta [aˈmata] amáta P1P-PAT.DEF.ANIM.PL-INBD to the ours who to us, home inbound, come home → in 1 example
678 VT VP athíⁿ athíⁿ [aˈðĩ] aȼɪⁿ' bring bring him bring → in 2 examples
60 VT VP axe axe [axe] do do
357 VT VP ábae ábae [ˈabae] ábae hunt hunt game, scout for bisons, go for hant for a day without family hunt for sth
628 VT VP íki'óⁿ íkiˀą́ [ˈikiˀˈã] íʞı'aⁿ' TR-DAT-paint they painted themselves with paint him/her/themself with [sth] → in 3 examples
707 VT VP ítha íða [ˈiða] íȼa with-CMPL found found [sth] → in 2 examples
682 VT VP íthaqáqa íðaqáqa [iðaxaxa] íȼaqáqa TRZ-A2P-laugh you laughed at him you laugh at sbd → in 1 example
681 VT VP íwathe íwaðe [ˈiwaðe] íwaȼĕ talk.of talking of them talk of sth → in 1 example
602 VT VP íxaxa íxaxa [ˈixaxa] íqaqa at-laugh laughing at him laugh at sbd → in 1 example
599 VT VP úwakish úwakiš [ˈuwakiʃ] úwakɪc talk.to.them talk to them talk → in 1 example
162 VT VP bákiahon bákiahon [ˈbakiahon] 3-push.raise push(ed) it up
406 VT VP dóⁿbe dóⁿbe [ˈdɔ̃be] daⁿ'be see see, look at, perceive see, look at, perceive
703 VT VP giáxa giáxa [giˈaxa] giáxa BEN-make they made for him make for sbd → in 1 example
643 VT VP gthízai gðízai [ˈgðizai] gȼízaɪ take.3 he took his take [sth] → in 1 example
270 VT VP gthóⁿthiⁿ-oⁿtháthe gðą́ðį-ąðáðe [ˈgðɔ̃ðĩ-ɔ̃ˈðɑðe] gȼaⁿ'ȼiⁿ-aⁿȼáȼe think.A2S-P1S.foolish do you think me foolish do you think me foolish → in 1 example
249 VT VP híwatháthe híwaðaðe [ˈhiwaˈðaðe] híwaȼáȼe arrive-P3P.ANIM-A2S-CAUS you cause them to arrive you cause them to arrive → in 1 example
334 VT VP hníetoⁿi hníetąi [hˈnietɔ̃ɪ] hníetaⁿi 2-with.TR-finished-PL you (P) finished you (P) finished with [sth] → in 2 examples
333 VT VP kʰíde kʰíde [ˈkʰide] kide shoot shoot shoot/shot
590 VT VP míⁿgthoⁿ míⁿgðaⁿ [ˈmĩgðɔ̃] miⁿ'gȼaⁿ míⁿ-gthoⁿ take as a wife, marry F-marry → in 1 example
639 VT VP na'oⁿi na'ą́i [naˀˈɔ̃i] na'aⁿ'ɪ hear.it heard it hear [sth] → in 1 example
284 VT VP nágine nágine [ˈnagine] nágine PREV_A1S-SUUS-seek I seek mine I seek mine → in 1 example
641 VT VP nítha níða [ˈniða] níȼa tell he told him tell [sbd] → in 1 example
484 VT VP oⁿ-í-bázhi ą-í-báži [ɔ̃-ˈi-ˈbaʒi] aⁿ-í-báji A3S-it-give-NEG he did not give me he/she didn't give it → in 1 example
236 VT VP oⁿgage ąŋgage [ˈɔ̃ŋgage] añgage A1P-do-DEF.P we do it we do it → in 1 example
719 VT VP oⁿgáqti ąŋgáxti [ɔ̃ŋˈgaqti] añgáqctɪ 1P-3-kill we kill him we kill/stun [sbd] → in 1 example
199 VT VP oⁿgúkikié ąŋgúkijié [ɔŋˈgukɪkɪˌe] añgúkɪkɪé 1PL-?-RCPR-talk we talk to each other we talk to each other (lit. 'we talk to-to them') → in 1 example
711 VT VP oⁿgúnai ąŋgúnai [ɔŋˈgunai] añgúnai 1P-seek we saek him we seek [sbd] → in 1 example
117 VT VP oⁿgunai ɑ́ŋgunai [ˈɑŋgunai] añ'gunai A1P.hunt-P we hunted them we hunted them → in 1 example
68 VT VP oⁿkíkina oⁿkíkina [ɔ̃ˈkikina] añkíkina A1P-RCPR-fight we fight we fight each other → in 1 example
232 VT VP oⁿthoⁿgudoⁿbe ąðą́ŋgudąbe [ɔ̃ˈðɔ̃ŋgudɔ̃be] aⁿȼañ'gudaⁿbe A1P-take-consideration-in we consider it we consider it → in 1 example
437 VT VP oⁿwóⁿbaazaí ąwą́baazaí [ɔ̃ˈwɔ̃baːzaˈi] aⁿwaⁿ'baazaí A1P-scare.off-P we scared them off we scared them off → in 1 example
335 VT VP pahóⁿga pahąŋga [paˈhɔŋga] pahañ'ga follow-leader before before, first
341 VT VP pasi pasi [pasi] pasi head/tip to follow a leader, as when marching in single line follow a leader
585 VT VP síthazhi síðaži [ˈsiðaʒi] síȼaji back-think-NEG not to think of doing any such thing; forget, not remember forget, remember not
546 VT VP shéthekʰíthe šéðekiðé [ˌʃeðekiˈðe] céȼekiȼé obey-make cause him heed attention, obey make sbd heed/obey
295 VT VP shubthí šubði [ʃubði] cubȼí P2?-A1S-come I go to you I come to you → in 1 example
471 VT VP tedíhi tedíhi [teˈdihi] tedíhi 3.REF-LOC.GOAL-arrive it arrives it arrives
262 VT VP thiⁿwiⁿ' ðĩwį́ [ðiˈwĩ] ȼiⁿwiⁿ' buy he bought it buy → in 1 example
255 VT VP thiⁿwiⁿazhi ðįwį́aži [ðĩˈwĩaʒi] ȼiⁿwiⁿ'azhi buy-NEG he did not buy it he/she did not buy it → in 2 examples
532 VT VP thidoⁿbe ðiðą́be [ðiˈðɔ̃be] ȼɪdaⁿ'be 2S-see you see you see [3] → in 1 example
661 VT VP ugás'iⁿ ugásˀį [uˈgasˀĩ] ugás'iⁿ peep.at peep at peep at sth/sbd → in 1 example
65 VT VP uhatha uhaða [uhaða] give give [sth]
256 VT VP uthooⁿsi uðąąsi [nðɔ̃ːsi] uȼaaⁿsi PREV-2S-leap you leaped on it you jump [on it] → in 1 example
225 VT VP uwikʰíe uwikíe [uwiˈkie] uwikíe PREV-2S←1S-to-talk I talk to you I talk to you → in 1 example
54 VT VP uzhi uži [uʒi] put put
44 VT VP wahóⁿi wahą́i [waˈhɔ̃i] wahaⁿ'i P3P-remove-PL they removed they remove(d) → in 1 example
647 VT VP wakihídeqti wakihídeqti [wakiˈhidexti] wakɪhídĕqtɪ 3.DEF.ANIM-watch-very watching them very closely watch them closely → in 1 example
640 VT VP waná'oⁿ waná'oⁿ [waˈnaˀɔ̃] waná'aⁿ hear.them heard them hear them → in 1 example
432 VT VP wíoⁿnaqítha wíąnaɣíða [ˈwiɔ̃naˈɣiða] wíaⁿnaxíȼa PREV-1P-on.them-kick we clash on them we clash on them → in 2 examples
344 VT VP wíuhe wíuhe [ˈwiuhe] wíuhe PREV-3P-track follow them, go after them / follow their trail, track them follow/track them
535 VT VP zhuágthe žuágðe [ʒuˈagðe] ȷuágȼe PREV-P1S-3-with I with him I with him → in 1 example
561 VT, N V, N ú ú [u] u wound wound sbd, wound (N) wound, wound sbd