A very short ghost story as told by an Omaha, transcribed in Omaha with English gloss. A natural English translation is given at the bottom.
Quantifiers (all, some, many, none, every, etc.) play an essential role in semantics. In Chomskyan Universal Grammar theory quantifiers are considered archetypical language elements the notion of which is hard-wired into the brain and thus[…]
Siouan languages and most of all the Degiha-branch languages feature a rich classificatory system based on positional markers. Different stages of grammaticalization can be observed within this system. The positional stative verbs ‘be sitting, be standing, be lying’ are inherently continuative by semantics and are predestined for an aspectual function.
Lakota is a paramount example for a split-intransitive language (or active-stative language) distinguishing between active and stative verbs.